Once or twice a year, I update my chart of reported noncompete and trade secrets decisions. Here is the latest (full size).
Around the time I started my firm, I became curious to see how many trade secret and noncompete decisions were issued each year in all of the federal and state courts around the country. So, I did a “back of the envelope” calculation. I have performed similar calculations every year since.
The graph shows four things:
- the blue line shows all noncompete decisions reported on Westlaw for the particular year;
- the red line shows all trade secrets decisions reported on Westlaw for the particular year;
- the green line shows all decisions involving the Defend Trade Secrets Act reported on Westlaw for the particular year; and
- trend lines for the noncompete decisions and trade secret decisions.
To be clear, these are decisions reported on Westlaw; they do not reflect all of the decisions in these types of cases. For example, courts often do not report out (all of) their decisions, and, even when they do report out their decisions, Westlaw may not pick them up. Nor do they directly tell us the number of cases filed, though one could assume that they correlate at least to some extent.
Things to note…
Each time I run the queries, the specific results in a given each year may vary slightly (generally inching up over time). I attribute this to Westlaw’s database management, which seems to add (and occasionally remove) cases over time. Consistent with that, the older the data, the less it tends to move, and indeed, most of the oldest data typically doesn’t change at all.
In contrast, the data for the most recent few years tends to be significantly underreported. Even when I run the numbers later in the year, the data for the most recent few years remains significantly underreported (which becomes clear a few years later when I re-run the data).
Also, this is truly raw data; I have not gone case-by-case, as the point of this exercise is to get a rough sense of the relative volume of decisions, not exact numbers.
Despite the database changes, the trends have remained largely the same. Perhaps most telling is that while noncompete litigation (using decisions as a proxy for cases) has ticked up and down only slightly over the last 15-plus years, reflecting a rough leveling off of those decisions, trade secret litigation has continued to trend up.
Not surprisingly, there is not much that can really be told about the trend in DTSA decisions (other than the obvious), given that it is so new, and, as a result, the data is very limited and likely underreported.
If you’d like to take a closer look at the numbers, you can click the image above or here.